Monitoring Impatiens For Downy Mildew

Impatiens_dazzler_mix In case you haven’t kept up on the story about downy mildew on impatiens (Impatiens walleriana) like Dazzler and Super Elfin Impatiens in landscapes, last summer there were wide spread regional outbreaks of downy mildew on impatiens in trial gardens, flower beds and other landscape plantings in several states in Northeast, Florida and southern California as well as Canada, the UK and Asia.

Once the downy mildew sets in, it completely killed off all the plants in the area. There is a concern that there will be another widespread outbreak of downy mildew this year that could affect a much larger area of the country or that fears of an outbreak could affect impatiens sales.

Please be assured that here at Parks Brothers we are monitoring our impatiens plantings closely for this disease and will destroy any infected plants that may be discovered. However, in my opinion there seems to be an environmental element that is contributing to these outbreaks as opposed to infected plants being shipped from growers.

The cause of these widespread outbreaks is still being debated. No one can seem to agree on the cause of the outbreaks. I have attached links to more information.

Here is the latest from Greenhouse Grower

Will Impatiens Sales Be Hurt By Downy Mildew This Spring?

Isolated areas of the country had big enough problems in 2011 that even consumers were aware of the problem. Where is downy mildew likely to hit this year? Who will be spared?

February 21, 2012

By Carol Miller

Downy mildew alerts have been going out to growers around the country to make sure preventative measures are taken so the United States does not suffer the fate of Europe, where impatiens sales have dipped dramatically because of the disease.

In 2011, downy mildew was a big enough problem that news headlines like: “Disease killing impatiens, Florida’s top landscape flower” in Florida and “Impatiens Running Out In Cape Cod” in Massachusetts, two of the areas hardest hit by the disease.

Here are what two experts who have been following the disease here in the U.S. have to say:

Margery Daughtry, Cornell University:

Although Florida is having a terrible time with the disease right now, the Northeast and Midwest, etc., may see no problem this year if their plant supply chain is free from downy mildew. What I am waiting to find out this growing season is whether gardens that had downy mildew last year in the Northeast will develop the disease again on healthy plants put into those same beds. We have seen oospores forming in stems last year, which can, in theory, serve as overwintering structures. But I still need to witness whether this will indeed happen in the Northeast U.S. There is so very much we don’t know about this disease yet. But I think we have quite a few more years of enjoying impatiens ahead of us. Our climate is different from the U.K., in ways that might curb the disease in most years. Last year’s hurricanes really added to the drama.

Note that we are at the point today that the U.K. was way back in 2005, and they have had good years and bad years since. We should be careful not to overreact until we see how the disease will operate in different parts of the U.S.

Colleen Warfield, corporate plant pathologist, Ball Horticultural Co.:

The outbreaks (in 2011) tended to be late in the season in areas where there was a coastal or water-influence, periods of cool weather with fog, rain, or humidity. There has to be a source of inoculum in order for plants to become infected. If the pathogen overwinters in the affected landscape beds, this may impact beds in 2012. But in unaffected areas, unless the pathogen is introduced this season (by either infected plants or windblown spores, there is not likely to be an existing source of inoculum and the threat of impatiens downy mildew is low. With clean plants being sold at retail, the threat of buying an infected plant this season and bringing the problem into the home garden is very low.

Here are some links to some older articles on this:

Downy mildew causing problems on impatiens in the landscape
Your Impatiens Might Have Downy Mildew If…
Downy Mildew on Impatiens in Illinois
How To Overcome Downy Mildew Spread On Impatiens
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